Haribo, Lidl, Otto, Deutsche Bank and BER – the list of IT projects that have suffered major mishaps in Germany is a long one. And these are just the famous tip of a big iceberg. You can look at any survey conducted in recent years, they will all tell you the same thing – only a shockingly low proportion of new software roll-outs are completed successfully.
It would seem that every second PLM project fails in its initial stages. The figures for introducing ERP solutions are even worse – according to a Gartner study, an incredible 75 percent of these projects go wrong. Many reasons for this are cited, including the budget and schedule getting completely out of hand without achieving the goals, or because business performance goes downhill so rapidly that the ripcord has to be pulled to stop the rot.
There’s no disputing that every implementation project brings a certain amount of inherent risk, whether it involves rolling out CRM, PLM, ERP or a core banking system. There are stumbling blocks, trapdoors and pitfalls at every turn, and there seems to be a never-ending litany of unanticipated questions that nobody had on their list of priorities and nobody has an answer to – over and over again, like Groundhog Day. Defined goals disappear, and new ones start clamoring for attention. As soon as you turn your attention to one burning issue, two more spring up behind you. On the other hand, this is not unusual. After all, everyone involved expects performance to dip slightly shortly before and after the roll-out of the new system, if not earlier. All the same, you can’t help asking yourself whether there might be a way to successfully overcome or even avoid the expected drop.
Stumbling block number one – lack of acceptance
Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this issue. Every company is unique in the way digital projects are managed successfully or fall flat. In some, a software roll-out fails because of insufficient planning and a lack of leeway in the budget or schedule. In others, it is due to a creeping loss of control through excessive customization, escalating demands and overloaded teams – the dreaded “scope creep”. Of course, there are also plenty of cases where the technology is at fault – a bug, an unresolvable interface problem, improper data cleansing during the integration of IT silos or the new tool proves to be an utterly terrible idea.
By a long way, however, it is something else entirely that causes implementation to fail – according to a recent guideline from Deloitte on introducing ERP software, five of the ten greatest obstacles can be directly linked to poor change management or a lack of user adoption. The consequences of these failures range from a lack of support on the part of the specialist departments involved, staff, and users all the way to an outright boycott. What is particularly fatal in this context is that – on the whole – a dismissive attitude can generally not be turned around even when everything runs smoothly from a technical point of view. In such cases, you might say the operation was a success, but the patient is still dead.
Establish user adoption as early as possible
No IT project can be successful if the employees affected and future users in particular fail to accept the change and reject the new technology. After all, even the best software cannot achieve its full potential if it is only used with a degree of unwillingness in the company, some of its functions are never used or operating errors turn the dream of a “single source of truth” into a nightmare shortly after the go-live.
Benefits of an ERP system. User adoption is the key to any successful ERP operation.
One of the most frequent reasons for a new technology not meeting the expected level of acceptance is that managers made the decision without consulting the people who would actually go on to use it. In all this, it is essential to involve all internal stakeholders in the change at the earliest possible stage.
User adoption is key in this, for several reasons.
- It starts from where the users are currently at and provides them with a deep understanding of the reasons and aims behind the planned innovations.
- Employees can recognize the added value of the new solution for the company and for individuals.
- This increases the probability of staff accepting the new software and the associated changes to processes, working methods and roles.
- Users can efficiently utilize the full extent of all relevant tool functions.
- Team satisfaction and motivation increase, while the risk of staff leaving in the course of the project decreases.
- Fewer operating errors prevent dips in performance and bad investments in structures that are ultimately not used, while the ROI grows.
- There is less strain on the IT team because there are fewer support requests from staff.
The advantages of user adoption in practice using ERP as an example
Compared to the technical aspects of a software roll-out, user adoption is considered more of a “soft” goal. While this may explain why it is rarely to be found among companies’ top ten priorities and is still undervalued, it doesn’t change the falseness of this assessment. However important a successful roll-out may be, it is never anything more than one milestone of many on the way to the ultimate goal. Of course, this ultimate goal involves achieving predefined objectives with the help of new software. It’s all about concrete key performance indicators whose level is greatly dependent on the strength or otherwise of user acceptance. In the end, it is “soft” user adoption that creates hard facts.
This quickly becomes clear if you use the example of warehouse management to see the contribution user adoption makes to actually achieving the key goals associated with the roll-out of a new ERP system.
- Consistent data: One of the greatest challenges when setting up a central database is avoiding erroneous or duplicate entries. User adoption provides the necessary interdepartmental understanding of processes and roles. The result is a consistent data landscape without duplicates that makes it possible to create reports and forecasts that match reality and boost efficiency in warehouse management, invoice processing and accounting, for example.
- Streamlined inventory: User adoption creates the requisite user competence for standardized workflows and connections. As a result, all departments have round-the-clock access to up-to-date, reliable inventory and ordering data that they can use to optimize the material flow, reduce stock levels and minimize warehousing and capital commitment costs.
- Achieve cost goals: All too often, erroneous or missing information causes companies to miss their cost-cutting targets. User adoption helps ensure data is recorded correctly and completely. The information in the system then reflects reality and there is a single source of truth that enables efficient processes and correct decision-making. At the same time, there are no additional costs or wasted resources since there is no need to manually correct false data or add missing data later on.
Even this use case alone, which applies to other solutions such as CRM and PLM applications or core database systems in similar ways, shows that user adoption is more than simply a “nice-to-have” that can be dropped if time or budget limitations require. It has the potential to tip the scales when it comes to the success or otherwise of rolling out and operating software, and is an investment that pays off in the truest sense of the word.